The paper “Selection of focal earthworm species as non-target soil organisms for environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants”, produced within the project AMIGA, has been recently published on Science of The Total Environment (2015). The paper has been produced by the following authors: Christine van Capelle , Stefan Schrader , Salvatore Arpaia (AMIGA partners: von Thunen Institute, ENEA).

The group of researchers identified earthworm species of significant relevance for soil functions in three different regions of Europe: Ireland, Sweden and Spain. These focal earthworm species are typical for arable soils under crop rotations with maize and/or potatoes within the three regions.

They were defined following a four step criteria (identification of functional groups, categorization of non-target species, ranking species on ecological criteria, and final selection of focal species), according to the EFSA Guidance Document on the environmental risk assessment (ERA) of genetically modified plants.